C 14 carbon dating

15 Mar

Naturally occurring graphite occurs in two forms, alpha and beta.

These two forms have identical physical properties but different crystal structures.

Co­smic rays enter the earth's atmosphere in large numbers every day.

For example, every person is hit by about half a million cosmic rays every hour.

Could it be that the whole scientific community has missed this point, or is it another case of creationist daydreaming?Graphite, one of the softest materials known, is a form of carbon that is primarily used as a lubricant.Although it does occur naturally, most commercial graphite is produced by treating petroleum coke, a black tar residue remaining after the refinement of crude oil, in an oxygen-free oven.Carbon-14 is radioactive, with a half-life of about 5,700 years.For more information on cosmic rays and half-life, as well as the process of radioactive decay, see How Nuclear Radiation Works. History and Uses: Carbon, the sixth most abundant element in the universe, has been known since ancient times.Amorphous carbon is formed when a material containing carbon is burned without enough oxygen for it to burn completely.Chemically pure carbon can be prepared by termic decomposition of sugar (sucrose) in absence of air.The physical and chemical properties of carbon depend on the crystalline structure of the element.The ratio of normal carbon (carbon-12) to carbon-14 in the air and in all living things at any given time is nearly constant.Maybe one in a trillion carbon atoms are carbon-14.