Is 106 69 normal blood pressure

Low blood pressure (Hypotension, Hypotension)

Low blood pressure (hypotension) is when blood pressure values ​​are below 105/65 mmHg. If the blood pressure is too low, dizziness, tiredness, ringing in the ears or a racing heart occur. However, low blood pressure does not always have to lead to physical discomfort.

Short version:

  • There are three forms of hypotension.
  • The cause of persistently low blood pressure is often unknown.
  • Medications, infections, dehydration, or pregnancy can all lead to low blood pressure.
  • Typical symptoms of hypotension are dizziness, headache, and paleness.
  • Hypotension is treated with drugs that strengthen the circulation.

Low blood pressure affects many people, often without causing symptoms. Young, slim women in particular suffer from hypotension. Since low blood pressure does not damage any organs - as is the case with high blood pressure - it is usually not dangerous.

However, the values ​​can drop so much that it leads to fainting. If this happens regularly, a doctor should be consulted to be on the safe side in order to rule out a serious illness.

Blood pressure is generally understood to be the pressure that prevails in the large arteries. This is determined on the one hand by the elasticity and resistance of the vessel walls. On the other hand, the power and frequency of the heart also have an influence on blood pressure. According to WHO, the normal value is around 120 to 80 mmHg. If the blood pressure is below 105/65 mmHg, doctors speak of a blood pressure that is too low.

categorySystolicDiastolic
Low10565
Optimal< 120< 80
normal120-13980-84
High normal130-13985-89

What types of hypotension are there?

  • Primary low blood pressure (essential hypotension): There is no apparent reason for the low blood pressure. This form is the most common.
  • Secondary low blood pressure: There is another physical cause of the low blood pressure. These can be various cardiovascular diseases or an underactive thyroid. If severe fluid loss or medication are the cause, it is also referred to as secondary, low blood pressure.
  • Orthostatic low blood pressure: This particular form of low blood pressure can occur when the body changes position. Getting up (too) quickly causes the blood to sag to the lower half of the body, the brain is not supplied with enough oxygen, and there is a risk of circulatory collapse.

How do you get blood pressure that is too low?

Heart, nervous or endocrine disorders can lead to low blood pressure. Other common triggers are infections, severe blood loss, lack of fluids, or pregnancy.

Sometimes the use of certain medications can also lead to a drop in blood pressure (e.g. antihypertensive drugs, diuretics, sedatives).

In most cases, however, the cause of persistently low blood pressure is unknown; one then speaks of primary low blood pressure (essential hypotension).

What kind of complaints do you have?

If the blood pressure is low, the blood does not reach the organs in sufficient quantities - especially the brain - which can lead to symptoms.

Typical symptoms are:

  • dizziness
  • "Blackening" in front of the eyes
  • a headache
  • Feeling cold and tingling in the fingers and feet
  • paleness

Other signs that may occur with low blood pressure include:

  • Fatigue, lassitude, listlessness
  • insomnia
  • Stitches in the region of the heart
  • Tendency to circulatory collapse, which begins with ringing in the ears, palpitations, rapid pulse and sweating

Attention: Weather changes, insufficient fluid intake, long periods of standing and lack of exercise are particularly noticeable in people with low blood pressure.

Who is most often affected?

The following people often suffer from low blood pressure:

  • tall, lean people
  • Pregnant women
  • Youngsters in a growth spurt
  • elderly

How does the doctor diagnose low blood pressure?

By taking regular blood pressure measurements, low blood pressure can be diagnosed.

A disturbance of the blood pressure regulation when changing position too quickly can be determined as follows: The patient's blood pressure and pulse are measured while he is lying still; then the person concerned has to get up quickly and the blood pressure is measured repeatedly.

If low blood pressure occurs suddenly, the cause should be investigated in order to rule out secondary arterial hypertension.

What can you do about low blood pressure?

To strengthen the circulation, you can do the following:

  • Get up slowly in the morning, stretch and stretch or ride a bike before getting up in bed
  • hot-cold alternating showers (always finish with cold water) and brush massages (circular movements directed towards the heart)
  • Exercise and exercise regularly (e.g. swimming and running are recommended)
  • Kneipp cures and weekly sauna visits also strengthen the circulation.

Note that coffee and beverages containing caffeine only increase blood pressure for a short time!

Tip: To keep the circulation going when you stand for a long time, you can bounce on the ball of your toes or tense certain muscle groups.

How is low blood pressure treated?

If your own measures do not help, the doctor can cardiovascular drugs be prescribed. There are several drugs available to treat hypotension.

Sympathomimetics increase the pressure in the arteries and veins. Alpha-adrenoceptor agonists are used in orthostatic hypotension. Herbal medicines that stimulate the heart and circulation are also helpful.

What is the prognosis for low blood pressure?

Low blood pressure is not a disease. If you feel good yourself (despite blood pressure values ​​below 105/65 mmHg), this is no cause for concern. Try to be more active in your life.

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Authors:
Prof. Dr. Manfred Zehetgruber (2004)
Medical review:
Dr. Ludwig Kaspar (2016)
Editorial editing:
Silke Brenner (2016)

Status of medical information:
swell

AWMF guideline of the German Society for Neurology: "Seizures and disorders of consciousness: Syncope". AWMF registration number: 030/072; Status: 2012, valid until 2016
Herold G: Internal Medicine. Self-published, Cologne 2016

Lagoni N, Mauz M: Hypotonic circulatory disorders. Pharmaceutical newspaper online, No. 47/200
 

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