Are there arpeggios for melodic minor scales

Chords and scales on the piano

We recently released the exciting new Chords and Scales course to add another dimension to our ever-growing range of courses. With this course you will learn to accompany songs with chords and to create your own music with beautiful sounding scales.

So what are chords and scales?

Before jumping into the class, it might be helpful to understand a few basics.

Western music is based on notes organized in scales. Scales consist of a selection of tones in a sequence. Each scale provides a specific mood and sound. While scales consist of tones in a sequence ("melodic"), chords consist of tones that are played simultaneously ("harmonic").

Let's take a closer look at this:

The C major scale

A scale consists of a sequence of ordered notes, either ascending or descending. Usually the notes of a single scale are used to compose a melody and chords in a song.

Let's look at the most widely used scale in Western music.

The white keys on a piano, starting with C, represent the C major scale.

Every major scale has a specific structure.

You will notice this structure of a scale when you focus your attention on the black keys and the space between them.

C to D is a whole step. You will recognize a whole step by the black key between the white keys C and D. The same goes for D to E. But be careful between E and F it is a half step (no black key in between). F to G, G to A, and A to B are all whole steps, but B to C is again a half step.

If you look at this, you will find a certain formula regarding a certain order of whole step and semitone steps.

This formula is called the major scale. The major scale creates a certain melodic feeling and mood that your ears are sure to perceive. The initial note, C, is called the tonic and gives the scale its name.

Let's look at the formula for the major scale: (W for whole step and S for semitone):


With this formula you can play the major scale anywhere on the keyboard - no matter which key you start with.


Try playing a major scale starting with G as the tonic, making sure you follow the formula closely.

G-A-H (semitone) C-D-E-F # (semitone) G.

If you stick to the formula, you will sometimes encounter crosses and b’s - depending on where the tonic is! These sets of crosses and b’s are what the keys are made of.

Did you notice you quit on a black key? This is called F # (not Gb, as you can't skip a letter when building a scale).

In the case of the G major scale, you have a sharp sign (F #). The cross at the beginning of the score applies to all Fs in the score.

See and listen to scales with Magical Moments I and Mystical Moments.

Chords & Arpeggios

Generally speaking, chords are made up of three or more notes played simultaneously (harmoniously) to create harmony. They are often used to accompany a melody.

If the notes of a chord are played one after the other, this is called an arpeggio or broken chord - these are also chords.

The most common chords are the so-called triads, which consist of three tones combined with one another. You can create chords easily by playing a key and leaving one out.

Back to the C major scale and a triad. C is the root - the note on which the chord is based. Just leave one note off for E, and then one for G, and you have three notes: C, E and G. These are the notes of the C major triad.


Major and minor chords

Play the notes of the C major chord at the same time. Sounds happy and hopeful, doesn't it? Remember how it feels when you play a major chord. This is exactly how you can play a triad, starting with the root note D.

Then you get D, F and A. Now play these notes at the same time. Wait - do you notice that this chord sounds different than the previous major chord? He's a lot more melancholy and sad, isn't he? That's because it's a minor chord.

Go ahead and play a triad starting with all the notes in the scale by going up three and then three more. There are 7 different chords in a scale because there are 7 different notes.

Because all notes of a chord come from one key, a song has many chords but stays in the same key.

The recipe for chords - good to remember:

  • Major triad: For a major triad, play any key on the keyboard. Then play the note that you find 4 semitones above the root. Then the tone that is another 3 semitones above it.
  • To create a minor triad, play a key on the keyboard. Then the 3 semitones above the root. Then 4 more semitones over it.
  • When you see the chord name Em, you know that the root is E, and "m" means minor.
  • If the chord name is just a letter, like "F", then it's always a major chord.

Test your knowledge and go to our first chord course: "Meet the Chords I."

Stay tuned for more "tips and tricks" blog posts like this one. There will be regular posts to help you acquire more knowledge and skills that will accompany you on your journey with Skoove.

I hope this blog post was helpful, please feel free to leave us a comment.

Happy jammin ’!